Importance of Colostrum and Its Benefits
Basically many changes occur during the pregnancy phase of women. For women who pregnant for the first time, this changes can be new and enthralled. In the early days of pregnancy, a special liquid discharge from the breasts. This liquid is known as colostrum. Some women also experience discharge of it at the time of birth of the baby. It is very beneficial for a new born baby.
In this article we will explained in detail about colostrum. At the same time, we will also elaborate regarding the benefits.
What Is Colostrum?
Colostrum is the first milk that is formed after pregnancy. The process of milk formation in women’s breasts begins during the end of the first trimester and the commencement of the second trimester of Pregnancy. The liquid that is formed in this process is called colostrum. Women experience discharge of this liquid at the end of the third week of their pregnancy. In the third week, it is also discharge at the time of colostrum delivery.
However, the amount is very low, but even after a small amount, it is very beneficial for the baby. In view of its importance, it is also called liquid gold. It contains a high amount of antibodies, but it contains low carbohydrate and fat. It enhances the immunity of the newborn baby and helps in the removal of the first stool of the newborn due to laxative effect.
What Is The Amount of Colostrum?
The amount of colostrum formed in the early days of childbirth, which is sufficient as per the requirement of the newborn baby. After the birth, the woman’s body produce about 50 ml of colostrum within two to three days. This quantity meets the needs of newborn, as the belly size of the baby is very small at the time of birth.
What Does It Looks Like?
The colostrum, which is formed at the beginning of the pregnancy, looks thick, creamy and yellowish in liquid form. At the time of childbirth, it transform into liquid white color. Most women experience discharge of colostrum in the first week of the second period and the discharge of colostrum increases until the last stage of pregnancy.
How Long The Colostrum Is Formed In The Mother’s Breasts?
For a few days after the birth of the baby, the mother’s body becomes ready to secrete colostrum. The reserve fat present in the baby’s body for three days from the birth, which meets the need of energy. In the meantime, the baby needs comparatively less energy, for which it is suitable. Research on pregnant women has found that in the first 48 to 72 hours of birth, the pregnant woman produce about 50 ml colostrum which is effective for overall health of the children.
Benefits or Importance.
As you have already mentioned, colostrum is a special liquid or milk, which is very beneficial for the health of the newborn baby. It gives the baby the following benefits;
- It is the first milk to be fed to the baby after birth. It contains a variety of nutrients.(1),(2)This milk is sufficient to feed the newborn baby.
- Laxative effects of colostrum simplify the process of premature bowel movements of the newborn and prevent jaundice by excluding bilirubin from the baby’s body.(3)
- It is also known as white blood cells. It strengthens immunity power by providing an increased number of lymphocytes and macrophages in the new born.
- The antibodies present in colostrum protect the newborn from stomach infections, ear infections and respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia. After some time, the baby’s body gradually produce antibodies.(4)
- Leakage from the eyes of the newborn is a common problem. To prevent this problem, it prevents external harmful substances from entering the intestines by closing the holes of the gastrointestinal tract. It also protect food allergy.
- It contains many nutrients such as vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin K, zinc and calcium etc. All these nutrients are considered essential for the development of the newborn baby.
- It also has neuroprotective effects (effects that protect the nervous system), which can be quite helpful in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease.
- The nervous system of the newborn needs cholesterol for development. Colostrum contains a high amount of cholesterol, which meets this need of the baby.
- Some studies show that the protein present in colostrum soothes the baby’s appetite and provide better sleep for a long time.
What Is The Difference Between Colostrum And Normal Breast Milk?
In the early few days after birth, body makes colostrum. For a few days of birth, it is necessary to have light milk for the baby. On average, a women produce colostrum about 50 ml in the first 48 to 72 hours of childbirth. This quantity is suitable for the newborn, because the abdomen is hardly as much as a large comb. As your baby’s appetite increases, the colostrum replaces the abundant supply of mature breast milk.
What Happens Due To The Deficiency of Colostrum?
For three to four days after the birth of the baby, this nutrient is formed in the breasts of the woman. From the fifth day after the birth of the baby, it gradually starts to change into thin and white. At the same time, the quantity of milk also starts increasing in this process. In very few cases, mother’s milk takes more than a week to come.
Every mother must feed colostrum to the newborn baby because deficiency of colostrum increases the chances of illness, because it contains many nutrients that are very essential for the newborn.
Due to health and many other reasons, your baby can sometimes be kept away from the mother. But unless your baby is kept away from the mother, you should feed them on his own. If your baby is in the nursery for some reason, doctors can give your colostrum through a bottle or tube.
Whatever the situation, you must consult a doctor to breastfeed your baby. Doctor can give you a number of suggestions for breastfeeding. They also suggest you about the exact position of breastfeeding.
Colostrum is the mother’s first milk, which is formed in your breasts during pregnancy. Most mothers don’t know about it until it gets a little seeping during pregnancy. It is full of pathogens and also has a high protein content that helps in the formation of newborn muscles and plays an important role in developing the immune power of the newborn. Therefore, it is mandatory to feed colostrum to the newborn baby for the better health.
1. B. Olivia and M. L Ardythe; Pediatr Clin North Am. 2013 Feb; 60(1): 49–74. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2012.10.002; Human Milk Composition: Nutrients and Bioactive Factors; Retrieved from
2. G. L Meena and P. Neesah; DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CRNFSJ.1.1.04; Colostrum – its Composition, Benefits as a Nutraceutical – A Review; Retrieved from
3. Colostrum (also known as beestings or first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands in late pregnancy and the few days after giving birth;
4. H. L. Walter and T. K Peter; Nutrients. 2011 Apr; 3(4): 442–474. Published online 2011 Apr 14. doi: 10.3390/nu3040442; Perspectives on Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Milk; Retrieved from
5. Everything You Need to Know About Pneumonia;