As an indispensable fact of life, we have been aged for years and as if we realize the consequences of this old age in our bodies. These changes also occur in the eyes as well as in the skin, hair and joints. One of these eye diseases is macular degeneration. In this article, we will give you information about food that are good for macular degeneration.
What Is Macular Degeneration and Symptoms?
Macular degeneration is an eye disease that is usually inherited and is often encountered in people after the age of 50 due to factors of smoking and malnutrition. It is a retinal disease that causes the macular area to deteriorate to a level that can cause loss of vision if macular degeneration progresses.
Symptoms of this disease, which are divided into two types, dry and wet, include the following symptoms;
- Blurred vision.
- Not able to look around in dark environments.
- Difficulty in viewing when switching from light to low light.
- Having trouble recognizing people’s faces.
- Bending in straight lines and curve vision.
- Dark brown spots and gaps in the visible area.
- Central vision loss.
- The size of the objects for each eye is different.
What Food Are Effective For Macular Degeneration?
- Soy Milk.
- Carrots and Capsicum.
- Dairy Products.
- Blue Berries.
- Sweet Potato.
Fatty fish have fat in their intestines and body tissues. So, fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. We can enlist the most useful and high omega-3 fish as tuna, salmon, trout, tuna, sardines and anchovy.
We found carotenoids in spinach greens, cabbage and green leafy vegetables, which are yellow in colour and protect the macula (the area of the retina which is responsible for the central vision).
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Red meat is rich in zinc. The vascular tissue around the retina in the eye has high levels of zinc. Adequate intake of zinc can delay the progress of macular degeneration disease and age-related vision loss.
Soy mill is low in fat and high in protein. It contains important fatty acids, vitamin E and inflammatory elements.
Spinach is the best source of two components known as lutein and zeaxanthin, which are important regarding improving eyesight. These components help to protect cells and tissue of the eye. Another advantage is that they help to protect the eyes from the loss of UV rays. One cup of spinach contains about 20.4 mg of lutein and zeaxanthin.
Carrots and Capsicum.
Several important nutrition are found in green, red, yellow and orange vegetables and fruits also contain vitamins C and A, which are antioxidants. Antioxidants protect the eyes from several issues.
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Dairy products like milk, butter, cream and cheese etc., have a good amount of vitamin A. If there is a deficiency of vitamin A in the eyes, the eyes will appear blurred at night. The deficiency can make you blind.
This fruit contains several healthy and important minerals and vitamins, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin, which is the helpful for a healthy eye.
Corn is very beneficial for the eyes in the most delicious and best quality cereals. The presence of zeaxanthin, lutein and antioxidant is very good for your eyes. Eating 1/2 cup of corn gives you about 1.8 grams of pigment. It reduces cataracts and yellowing in the eyes. Corn also contains vitamin C, vitamin B5, vitamin B1 and folate. You can eat corn in salad, soups or boil.
Egg is an Iron-rich food, also an excellent source of protein, omega 3, lutein and vitamin E. Eggs contain enough lutein and zeaxanthin.
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According to many researches, it is better to include anti-oxidant food other than medicine. Tomatoes have a good anti-oxidant called lycopene. According to the study, lycopene is beneficial for retina and eye sight. Lycopene protects the cells of the eyes from being damage.
At the same time, due to the high amount of vitamin C, its intake intensifies the light of the eye. You can mix tomatoes with smoothies, soups, salads, juices and vegetables.
Lentils, kidney beans, green peas and green beans are rich in zinc, which helps the body to absorb nutrients and vitamins. Legumes are also an important medium of protein.
If you like sweet potato, then eat a lot. Because it is very helpful to keep the eyes healthy. Beta-carotene found in it, is good for the eyes. Like carrots, tomatoes and other vegetables it is also a good source of vitamin A, vitamin C, fibre, manganese and potassium. You can get about 200 beta-carotene and 28 per cent manganese from sweet potato.
Papaya contains high antioxidant elements such as carotenoids and beta-carotene, which are converted into vitamin A in the body. It also includes lutein and zeaxanthin.
It is a rich source of lutein and zeaxanthin, which are related to vitamins A and beta-carotene and can help to protect eye tissue from sunlight damage and reduce the risk of aging-related eye issues.
Broccoli has a high fibre content and also rich in vitamin C. In addition to lutein and zeaxanthin, beta-carotene in broccoli improves eye sight.
Cashew nuts, walnuts and almonds are high sources of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins. In addition, these contain lutein, zeaxanthin and vitamin E. Eating nuts gives you high vitamins that keep cholesterol level low and maintain stability in cellular membrane.
Which Food Should Avoid?
- Avoid highly processed snack food such as cookies, cakes and potato chips.
- Eat a diet low in fat.
- Avoid partially hydrogenated fats, especially coconut oils and processed oils.
- Avoid alcohol as it’s contain unhealthy nutrients.
- Ignore fast food for macular degeneration.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies.
Even after receiving a diagnosis of dry macular degeneration, you can take the following steps that can help to prevent vision loss;
If you smoke, take help from your doctor to quit. As it increase the risk of macular degeneration.
Get Regular Eye Check Up.
Ask your doctor about the recommended program for follow-up examinations. In the middle of the checkup, you can self-evaluate your vision using the Amsler grid. With these steps you will be able to identify whether your condition develops into wet macular degeneration, which can be treated with drugs.
Best Vitamin Supplements.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology says that for people with intermediate or advanced illness, creating high doses of antioxidant vitamins and minerals can help to reduce the risk of vision loss. Research shows that a formulation has benefits;
- Vitamin C – 500 mg.
- Vitamin E – 400 (IU).
- Lutein – 10 mg.
- Zeaxanthin – 2 mg.
- Zinc – 80 mg.
- Copper – 2 mg.
*Note – Evidence does not proved the benefits of these supplements for the people with early stage dry macular degeneration. In addition, high doses of vitamin E can increase the risk of heart failure and other complications. Ask your doctor if it is right for you to take supplements.
Food to Avoid.
- White or Plain coloured food, such as pasta, rice, white bread and flour tortillas.
- Fatty Meats.
- High processed fats.
- Unsaturated Fats.
Therefore, now you came to know what are the Super Food that help in preventing Macular Degeneration. Manage your other medical conditions. If you have heart disease or high blood pressure, then you must take your medication and follow your doctor’s instructions to control the condition.
Include antioxidant and vitamins in your diet through fruits and vegetables. Another good option is healthy unsaturated fats, such as olive oil and research studies have shown that diets high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna and walnuts is more beneficial food for macular degeneration.
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- Lutein; https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-754/lutein
- Zeaxanthin; https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/zeaxanthin
- How can antioxidants benefit our health?; https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/301506
- Lycopene: Health Benefits and Top Food Sources; https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/lycopene#:~:text=Lycopene%20is%20a%20plant%20nutrient,and%20certain%20types%20of%20cancers.
- Carotenoids: Everything You Need to Know; https://www.healthline.com/health/carotenoids
- All you need to know about beta carotene; https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/252758#:~:text=Beta%20carotene%20is%20a%20red,and%20fruits%20their%20rich%20colors.